com·pos·ition [composition compositions] BrE [ˌkɒmpəˈzɪʃn] NAmE [ˌkɑːmpəˈzɪʃn] noun
1. uncountable the different parts which sth is made of; the way in which the different parts are organized
• the chemical composition of the soil
• the composition of the board of directors
• the size and composition of an average class
2. countable (formal) a piece of music or art, or a poem
• one of Beethoven's finest compositions
3. uncountable the act of composing sth
• pieces performed in the order of their composition
4. uncountable the art of writing music
5. countable a short text that is written as a school exercise; a short essay
6. uncountable (art) the arrangement of people or objects in a painting or photograph
late Middle English: via Old French from Latin compositio(n-), from componere ‘put together’.
framework • form • composition • construction • fabric
These are all words for the way the different parts of sth combine together or the way that sth has been made.
structure • the way in which the parts of sth are connected together or arranged; a particular arrangement of parts: ▪ the structure of the building/human body ◇ ▪ the social structure of society ◇ ▪ the grammatical structures of a language ◇ ▪ a salary structure
framework • a set of beliefs, ideas or rules that forms the basis of a system or society: ▪ The report provides a framework for further research.
form • [U] the arrangement of parts in a whole, especially in a work of art of piece of writing: ▪ As a photographer, shape and form were more important to him than colour.
composition • [U] (rather formal) the different parts or people that combine to form sth; the way in which they combine: ▪ recent changes in the composition of the workforce
construction • [U] the way that sth has been built or made: ▪ ships of steel construction
fabric • (rather formal) the basic structure of a society or an organization that enables it to function successfully: ▪ This is a trend which threatens ▪ the very fabric of society ▪.
the basic structure/framework/form/composition/construction/fabric of sth
a simple/complex structure/framework/form
the economic/political/social structure/framework/composition/fabric of sth
the chemical/genetic structure/composition of sth
• Has household composition changed in the last decade?
• In the exam you will have to do a composition.
• Irradiation changes the chemical composition of a spice.
• The overall composition of the Senate was Democrats 57 and Republicans 43.
• a composition by John Cage
• a composition by the sculptor, Bernt Notke
• a composition for violin and piano
• a composition on the effects of crime
• an original composition by a popular young composer
• elections to determine the composition of the assembly
• the changing composition of the labour force
• the character of the state and its internal composition
• the ethnic composition of the region
• The two drugs are nearly identical in composition.
• one of Stravinsky's finest compositions
• recent changes in the composition of the workforce
1. the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole
- harmonious composition is essential in a serious work of art
2. the way in which someone or something is composed
Syn: constitution, physical composition, makeup, make-up
3. a mixture of ingredients
4. a musical work that has been created
- the composition is written in four movements
Syn: musical composition, opus, piece, piece of music
- writing was a form of therapy for him
- it was a matter of disputed authorship
Syn: writing, authorship, penning
7. art and technique of printing with movable type
8. an essay (especially one written as an assignment)
- he got an A on his composition
Syn: paper, report, theme
9. something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole
- he envied the composition of their faculty
Webster's 1913 Dictionary:
|n.||1.||(Fine Arts) The act or art of composing, or forming a whole or integral, by placing together and uniting different things, parts, or ingredients.|
|2.||The state of being put together or composed; conjunction; combination; adjustment.|
View them in composition with other things.
The elementary composition of bodies.
|3.||A mass or body formed by combining two or more substances; as, a chemical composition.|
A composition that looks . . . like marble.
|4.||A literary, musical, or artistic production, especially one showing study and care in arrangement; - often used of an elementary essay or translation done as an educational exercise.|
|5.||Consistency; accord; congruity.|
There is no composition in these news
That gives them credit.
|6.||Mutual agreement to terms or conditions for the settlement of a difference or controversy; also, the terms or conditions of settlement; agreement.|
Thus we are agreed:
I crave our composition may be written.
|7.||(Law) The adjustment of a debt, or avoidance of an obligation, by some form of compensation agreed on between the parties; also, the sum or amount of compensation agreed upon in the adjustment.|
Compositions for not taking the order of knighthood.
Cleared by composition with their creditors.
|8.||Synthesis as opposed to analysis.|
The investigation of difficult things by the method of analysis ought ever to precede the method of composition.
|a kind of cloth covered with a preparation making it waterproof.|
|an agreement for composition between a debtor and several creditors.|
| (Crystallog.) the plane by which the two individuals of a twin crystal are united in their reserved positions.|
|Composition of forces|
| (Mech.) the finding of a single force (called the resultant) which shall be equal in effect to two or more given forces (called the components) when acting in given directions.|
|an alloy resembling brass, which is sometimes used instead of copper for sheathing vessels; - also called Muntz metal and yellow metal. |
|Composition of proportion|
| (Math.) an arrangement of four proportionals so that the sum of the first and second is to the second as the sum of the third and fourth to the fourth.|
Dictionary of Computing:
|1.||composition - function composition.|
|2.||composition - typesetting.|
COMPOSITION, contracts. An agreement, made upon a sufficient consideration, between a debtor and creditor, by which the creditor accepts part of the debt due to him in satisfaction of the whole. Montagu on Compos. 1; 3 Co. 118; Co. Litt. 212, b; 4 Mod. 88; 1 Str. 426; 2 T. R. 24, 26; 2 Chit. R. 541, 564; 5 D. & R. 56 3 B. & C. 242; 1 R. & M. 188; 1 B. & A. 103, 440; 3 Moore's R. 11; 6 T. R. 263; 1 D. & R. 493; 2 Campb. R. 283; 2 M. & S. 120; 1 N. R. 124; Harr. Dig. Deed VIII.
2. In England, compositions were formerly allowed for crimes and misdemeanors, even for murder. But these compositions are no longer allowed, and even a qui tam action cannot be lawfully compounded. Bac. Ab. Actions qui tam, See 2 John. 405; 9 John. 251; 10 John. 118; 11 John. 474; 6 N. H.-Rep. 200.
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