Discharge

dis·charge [discharge discharges discharged discharging] verb, noun verb BrE [dɪsˈtʃɑːdʒ]
; NAmE [dɪsˈtʃɑːrdʒ]
(formal) FROM HOSPITAL/JOB
1. transitive, usually passive ~ sb (from sth) to give sb official permission to leave a place or job; to make sb leave a job
Patients were being discharged from the hospital too early.
She had discharged herself against medical advice.
He was discharged from the army following his injury.
She was discharged from the police force for bad conduct.  
FROM PRISON/COURT
2. transitive, often passive ~ sb to allow sb to leave prison or court
He was conditionally discharged after admitting the theft.  
GAS/LIQUID
3. intransitive, transitive when a gas or a liquid discharges or is discharged, or sb discharges it, it flows somewhere
~ (into sth) The river is diverted through the power station before discharging into the sea.
~ sth (into sth) The factory was fined for discharging chemicals into the river.  
FORCE/POWER
4. transitive, intransitive ~ (sth) (technical) to release force or power
Lightning is caused by clouds discharging electricity.  
DUTY
5. transitive ~ sth to do everything that is necessary to perform and complete a particular duty
to discharge your duties/ responsibilities/obligations
to discharge a debt (= to pay it)  
GUN
6. transitive ~ sth to fire a gun, etc.
Verb forms:
Word Origin:
Middle English (in the sense ‘relieve of (an obligation)’): from Old French descharger, from late Latin discarricare ‘unload’, from dis- (expressing reversal) + carricare, carcare ‘to load’, from Latin carrus ‘wheeled vehicle’.
Example Bank:
All the people involved in the accident have now been discharged from hospital.
He could not properly discharge his duties.
He was found guilty and dishonourably discharged from the army.
I will faithfully discharge my duties.
Raw sewage was discharged from the treatment plant directly into the river.
She was formally discharged by the court.
The police officer accidentally discharged a firearm while unloading it.
He knocked her hand down and the gun discharged into the floor.
His widow was unable to discharge the debt.
My condition renders me unable to discharge my duties.
The judge took the unusual step of discharging the entire jury halfway through the trial.
They gave a cheer and charged, discharging a volley of arrows as they came.
noun BrE [ˈdɪstʃɑːdʒ]
; NAmE [dɪstʃɑːrdʒ]
(formal) OF LIQUID/GAS
1. uncountable, countable the action of releasing a substance such as a liquid or gas; a substance that comes out from inside somewhere
a ban on the discharge of toxic waste
thunder and lightning caused by electrical discharges
nasal/vaginal discharge (= from the nose/ vagina )  
FROM HOSPITAL/JOB
2. uncountable, countable ~ (from sth) the act of officially allowing sb, or of telling sb, to leave somewhere, especially sb in a hospital or the army  
OF DUTY
3. uncountable the act of performing a task or a duty or of paying money that is owed
the discharge of debts/obligations
Arrangements have been made for the discharge of mortgage payments.
Word Origin:
Middle English (in the sense ‘relieve of (an obligation)’): from Old French descharger, from late Latin discarricare ‘unload’, from dis- (expressing reversal) + carricare, carcare ‘to load’, from Latin carrus ‘wheeled vehicle’.
Example Bank:
He was given an absolute discharge but banned from driving for twelve months.
a thick discharge from the nose
an accidental discharge from a dropped gun
thunder and lightning caused by an electrical discharge
His quick discharge came as a surprise to everyone.
The illness resulted in his discharge from the army.
The magistrate gave her a 12-month conditional discharge.
the discharge of debts/obligations

WordNet Dictionary:
I
noun
1. the sudden giving off of energy
2. the act of venting
Syn: venting
3. a substance that is emitted or released
Syn: emission
4. any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body
- the discharge of pus
Syn: emission, expelling
5. electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field
Syn: spark, arc, electric arc, electric discharge
6. the pouring forth of a fluid
Syn: outpouring, run
7. the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)
8. a formal written statement of relinquishment
Syn: release, waiver
9. the act of discharging a gun
Syn: firing, firing off
II
verb
1. complete or carry out
- discharge one's duties
Syn: dispatch, complete
2. pour forth or release
- discharge liquids
3. free from obligations or duties
Syn: free
4. remove the charge from
Ant: charge
5. go off or discharge
- The gun fired
Syn: fire, go off
6. pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
- The suspect was cleared of the murder charges
Syn: acquit, assoil, clear, exonerate, exculpate
Ant: convict (for: acquit)
- They want to discharge the prisoners
7. eliminate (a substance)
- combustion products are exhausted in the engine
- the plant releases a gas
Syn: exhaust, expel, eject, release
8. leave or unload
- unload the cargo
- drop off the passengers at the hotel
Syn: drop, drop off, set down, put down, unload
9. cause to go off
- fire a gun
- fire a bullet
Syn: fire
10. release from military service
Syn: muster out
Ant: enlist
11. become empty or void of its content
- The room emptied
Syn: empty
Ant: fill (for: empty)

Webster's 1913 Dictionary:
v. t.1.To relieve of a charge, load, or burden; to empty of a load or cargo; to unburden; to unload; as, to discharge a vessel.
[imp. & p. p. Discharged ; p. pr. & vb. n. Discharging.]
2.To free of the missile with which anything is charged or loaded; to let go the charge of; as, to discharge a bow, catapult, etc.; especially, said of firearms, - to fire off; to shoot off; also, to relieve from a state of tension, as a Leyden jar.
The galleys also did oftentimes, out of their prows, discharge their great pieces against the city.
Feeling in other cases discharges itself in indirect muscular actions.
3.To of something weighing upon or impeding over one, as a debt, claim, obligation, responsibility, accusation, etc.; to absolve; to acquit; to clear.
Discharged of business, void of strife.
In one man's fault discharge another man of his duty.
4.To relieve of an office or employment; to send away from service; to dismiss.
Discharge the common sort
With pay and thanks.
Grindal . . . was discharged the government of his see.
5.To release legally from confinement; to set at liberty; as, to discharge a prisoner.
6.To put forth, or remove, as a charge or burden; to take out, as that with which anything is loaded or filled; as, to discharge a cargo.
7.To let fly, as a missile; to shoot.
They do discharge their shot of courtesy.
8.To set aside; to annul; to dismiss.
We say such an order was "discharged on appeal."
The order for Daly's attendance was discharged.
9.To throw off the obligation of, as a duty or debt; to relieve one's self of, by fulfilling conditions, performing duty, trust, and the like; hence, to perform or execute, as an office, or part.
Had I a hundred tongues, a wit so large
As could their hundred offices discharge.
10.To send away (a creditor) satisfied by payment; to pay one's debt or obligation to.
If he had
The present money to discharge the Jew.
11.To give forth; to emit or send out; as, a pipe discharges water; to let fly; to give expression to; to utter; as, to discharge a horrible oath.
12.To prohibit; to forbid.
13.(Textile Dyeing & Printing) To bleach out or to remove or efface, as by a chemical process; as, to discharge the color from a dyed fabric in order to form light figures on a dark ground.
Discharging arch
(Arch.) an arch over a door, window, or other opening, to distribute the pressure of the wall above. See Illust. of Lintel.
Discharging piece
(Arch.) a piece set to carry thrust or weight to a solid point of support.
Discharging rod
(Elec.) a bent wire, with knobs at both ends, and insulated by a glass handle. It is employed for discharging a Leyden jar or an electrical battery. See Discharger.
v. i.1.To throw off or deliver a load, charge, or burden; to unload; to emit or give vent to fluid or other contents; as, the water pipe discharges freely.
The cloud, if it were oily or fatty, would not discharge.
n.1.The act of discharging; the act of relieving of a charge or load; removal of a load or burden; unloading; as, the discharge of a ship; discharge of a cargo.
2.Firing off; explosive removal of a charge; explosion; letting off; as, a discharge of arrows, of artillery.
3.Act of relieving of something which oppresses or weighs upon one, as an obligation, liability, debt, accusation, etc.; acquittance; as, the discharge of a debtor.
4.Act of removing, or getting rid of, an obligation, liability, etc.; fulfillment, as by the payment of a debt, or the performance of a trust or duty.
Indefatigable in the discharge of business.
Nothing can absolve us from the discharge of those duties.
5.Release or dismissal from an office, employment, etc.; dismission; as, the discharge of a workman by his employer.
6.Legal release from confinement; liberation; as, the discharge of a prisoner.
7.The state of being discharged or relieved of a debt, obligation, office, and the like; acquittal.
Too secure of our discharge
From penalty.
8.That which discharges or releases from an obligation, liability, penalty, etc., as a price of ransom, a legal document.
Death, who sets all free,
Hath paid his ransom now and full discharge.
9.A flowing or issuing out; emission; vent; evacuation; also, that which is discharged or emitted; as, a rapid discharge of water from the pipe.
The hemorrhage being stopped, the next occurrence is a thin serous discharge.
10.(Elec.) The equalization of a difference of electric potential between two points. The character of the discharge is mostly determined by the nature of the medium through which it takes place, the amount of the difference of potential, and the form of the terminal conductors on which the difference exists. The discharge may be alternating, continuous, brush, connective, disruptive, glow, oscillatory, stratified, etc.
Charge and discharge
(Equity Practice) See under Charge, n.
Paralytic discharge
(Physiol.) the increased secretion from a gland resulting from the cutting of all of its nerves.

Legal Dictionary:

DISCHARGE, practice. The act by which a person in confinement, under some legal process, or held on an accusation of some crime or misdemeanor, is set at liberty; the writing containing the order for his being so set at liberty, is also called a discharge.
     2. The discharge of a defendant, in prison under a ca. sa., when made by the plaintiff, has the operation of satisfying the debt, the plaintiff having no other remedy. 4 T. R. 526. But when the discharge is in consequence of the insolvent laws, or the defendant dies in prison, the debt is not satisfied. In the first place the plaintiff has a remedy against the property of the defendant, acquired after his discharge, and, in the last case, against the executors or administrators of the debtor. Bac. Ab. Execution, D; Bingh. on Execution, 266.


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