Kind

kind [kind kinds kinder kindest] noun, adjective BrE [kaɪnd]
NAmE [kaɪnd]
noun countable, uncountable
a group of people or things that are the same in some way; a particular variety or type
three kinds of cakes/cake
music of all/various/different kinds
Exercises of this kind are very popular.
What kind of house do you live in?
They sell all kinds of things.
The school is the first of its kind in Britain.
She isn't that kind of girl.
The regions differ in size, but not in kind.
I need to buy paper and pencils, that kind of thing.
I'll never have that kind of money (= as much money as that).
(formal) Would you like a drink of some kind.
Word Origin:
n. Old English cynd(e gecynd(e Germanic kin ‘nature, the natural order’ ‘innate character, form, or condition’ kind ‘a class ’ ‘ race distinguished by innate characteristics’
adj. Old English gecynde ‘natural, native’ Middle English ‘well born or well bred’ ‘well disposed by nature, courteous, gentle, benevolent’
Thesaurus:
kind noun C, U
They play music of all kinds.
type • • form • • variety • • style • • brand • • category • • class • • version • • nature|especially BrE sort|formal genre
a kind/type/form/variety/style/brand/category/class/version/sort/genre of sth
a different/the same kind/type/form/variety/style/brand/category/class/version/nature/sort/genre
various kinds/types/forms/styles/categories/versions/sorts/genres
a/the/that kind/type/sort of thing
Kind, type or sort? Kind is the most frequent word in this group; sort is used more in British English. Type is slightly more formal and used more in official, scientific or academic contexts.
Grammar Point:
kind / sort
Use the singular (kind/sort) or plural (kinds/sorts) depending on the word you use before them: each/one/every kind of animal all/many/other sorts of animals.
Kind/sort of is followed by a singular or uncountable noun: This kind of question often appears in the exam. That sort of behaviour is not acceptable.
Kinds/sorts of is followed by a plural or uncountable noun: These kinds of questions often appear in the exam. These sorts of behaviour are not acceptable.
Other variations are possible but less common: These kinds of question often appear in the exam. These sort of things don’t happen in real life. (This example is very informal and is considered incorrect by some people.)
Note also that these examples are possible, especially in spoken English: The shelf was full of the sort of books I like to read. He faced the same kind of problems as his predecessor. There are many different sorts of animal on the island. What kind of camera is this? What kind/kinds of cameras do you sell? There were three kinds of cakes/cake on the plate.
Example Bank:
‘I was terrible!’ ‘You were nothing of the kind!’
Be sure to eat enough of the right kind of food.
Certain kinds of food are unsuitable for small children.
Do you know the kind of thing I mean?
I missed him, in a funny kind of way.
I'm a fairly normal kind of guy.
Musicals were her favourite/favorite kind of movie.
Prostate cancer is the most common kind of cancer in men.
She does the same kind of work as me.
The new school was the first of its kind.
The regions differ in size, but not in kind.
They played a truly unique kind of punk rock.
They sell all kinds of things.
They're two of a kind= very like each other— both workaholics!
This is the exact kind of thing I want.
We stock various kinds of lawnmower.
You need some kind of cover over it to protect it from the rain.
a special kind of oil
books of every kind
music of different kinds
the need for a new kind of leadership
I need to buy paper and pencils and that kind of thing.
I'll never have that kind of money.
She isn't that kind of person.
They play music of all kinds.
We offer various kinds of educational courses.
Idioms: in kind kind of nothing of the kind of a kind one of a kind something of the kind
adjective (kind·er, kind·est)
1. caring about others; gentle, friendly and generous
a very kind and helpful person
a kind heart/face
a kind action/gesture/comment
You've been very kind.
~ (to sb/sth) kind to animals
(figurative) Soft water is kinder to your hair.
(figurative) The weather was very kind to us.
~ (of sb) (to do sth) It was really kind of you to help me.
(formal) Thank you for your kind invitation.
(formal) ‘Do have another.’ ‘That's very kind of you (= thank you).’
We need a kinder, gentler society.
It would be kinder if we didn't mention his wife.
If an animal is badly injured, often the kindest thing to do is to destroy it painlessly.
Opp: unkind
2. (formal) used to make a polite request or give an order
Would you be kind enough to close the window?
see also kindly, kindness
Word Origin:
n. Old English cynd(e gecynd(e Germanic kin ‘nature, the natural order’ ‘innate character, form, or condition’ kind ‘a class ’ ‘ race distinguished by innate characteristics’
adj. Old English gecynde ‘natural, native’ Middle English ‘well born or well bred’ ‘well disposed by nature, courteous, gentle, benevolent’
Thesaurus:
kind adj.
It was kind of you to help.
generous • • considerate • • thoughtful • • caring|especially spoken good • • sweet • • nice|especially BrE, especially spoken lovely|formal benevolent • • benign
Opp: unkind, Opp: cruel
kind/generous/considerate/good/nice/benevolent to sb
be kind/generous/considerate/thoughtful/good/sweet/nice of sb (to do sth)
a kind/generous/considerate/thoughtful/caring/good/sweet/nice/lovely/benevolent man/woman/person
Example Bank:
My boss has been extremely kind to me.
She was endlessly kind and sympathetic.
He's a kind and helpful person.
She may seem quite stern at times, but she has a kind heart.
Thanks for your card— it was a very kind thought.
They were taught to be kind to animals.
You've been very kind.
See also: kinda

WordNet Dictionary:
I
noun
a category of things distinguished by some common characteristic or quality
- sculpture is a form of art
- what kinds of desserts are there?
Syn: sort, form, variety
II
adjective
1. having or showing a tender and considerate and helpful nature; used especially of persons and their behavior
- kind to sick patients
- a kind master
- kind words showing understanding and sympathy
- thanked her for her kind letter
Ant: unkind
- it was rather cold
- the party was rather nice
- the knife is rather dull
- I rather regret that I cannot attend
- He's rather good at playing the cello
- he is kind of shy
Syn: rather, kinda, sort of

Webster's 1913 Dictionary:
a.1.Characteristic of the species; belonging to one's nature; natural; native.
It becometh sweeter than it should be, and loseth the kind taste.
2.Having feelings befitting our common nature; congenial; sympathetic; as, a kind man; a kind heart.
Yet was he kind, or if severe in aught,
The love he bore to learning was his fault.
3.Showing tenderness or goodness; disposed to do good and confer happiness; averse to hurting or paining; benevolent; benignant; gracious.
He is kind unto the unthankful and to evil.
O cruel Death, to those you take more kind
Than to the wretched mortals left behind.
A fellow feeling makes one wondrous kind.
4.Proceeding from, or characterized by, goodness, gentleness, or benevolence; as, a kind act.
5.Gentle; tractable; easily governed; as, a horse kind in harness.
n.1.Nature; natural instinct or disposition.
He knew by kind and by no other lore.
Some of you, on pure instinct of nature,
Are led by kind t'admire your fellow-creature.
2.Race; genus; species; generic class; as, in mankind or humankind.
Every kind of beasts, and of birds.
She follows the law of her kind.
Here to sow the seed of bread,
That man and all the kinds be fed.
3.Sort; type; class; nature; style; character; fashion; manner; variety; description; as, there are several kinds of eloquence, of style, and of music; many kinds of government; various kinds of soil, etc.
How diversely Love doth his pageants play,
And snows his power in variable kinds !
There is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds.
Diogenes was asked in a kind of scorn: What was the matter that philosophers haunted rich men, and not rich men philosophers?
A kind of
something belonging to the class of; something like to; - said loosely or slightingly.
In kind
in the produce or designated commodity itself, as distinguished from its value in money.
Tax on tillage was often levied in kind upon corn.
v. t.1.To beget.

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