|n.||1.||The state of being which begins with generation, birth, or germination, and ends with death; also, the time during which this state continues; that state of an animal or plant in which all or any of its organs are capable of performing all or any of their functions; - used of all animal and vegetable organisms.|
|2.||Of human beings: The union of the soul and body; also, the duration of their union; sometimes, the deathless quality or existence of the soul; as, man is a creature having an immortal life.|
She shows a body rather than a life.
|3.||(Philos) The potential principle, or force, by which the organs of animals and plants are started and continued in the performance of their several and coöperative functions; the vital force, whether regarded as physical or spiritual.|
|4.||Figuratively: The potential or animating principle, also, the period of duration, of anything that is conceived of as resembling a natural organism in structure or functions; as, the life of a state, a machine, or a book; authority is the life of government.|
|5.||A certain way or manner of living with respect to conditions, circumstances, character, conduct, occupation, etc.; hence, human affairs; also, lives, considered collectively, as a distinct class or type; as, low life; a good or evil life; the life of Indians, or of miners.|
That which before us lies in daily life.
By experience of life abroad in the world.
Lives of great men all remind us
We can make our lives sublime.
'T is from high life high characters are drawn.
|6.||Animation; spirit; vivacity; vigor; energy.|
No notion of life and fire in fancy and in words.
That gives thy gestures grace and life.
|7.||That which imparts or excites spirit or vigor; that upon which enjoyment or success depends; as, he was the life of the company, or of the enterprise.|
|8.||The living or actual form, person, thing, or state; as, a picture or a description from, the life.|
|9.||A person; a living being, usually a human being; as, many lives were sacrificed.|
|10.||The system of animal nature; animals in general, or considered collectively.|
Full nature swarms with life.
|11.||An essential constituent of life, esp: the blood.|
The words that I speak unto you . . . they are life.
The warm life came issuing through the wound.
|12.||A history of the acts and events of a life; a biography; as, Johnson wrote the life of Milton.|
|13.||Enjoyment in the right use of the powers; especially, a spiritual existence; happiness in the favor of God; heavenly felicity.|
|14.||Something dear to one as one's existence; a darling; - used as a term of endearment.|
|1.||(language)||LIFE - Logic of Inheritance, Functions and Equations.|
An object-oriented, functional, constraint-basedlanguage by Hassan Ait-Kacy firstname.lastname@example.org et al of MCC,Austin TX, 1987. LIFE integrates ideas from LOGIN andLeFun.
Mailing list: email@example.com.
See also Wild_LIFE.
["Is There a Meaning to LIFE?", H. Ait-Kacy et al, Intl Confon Logic Prog, 1991].
|2.||(games)||Life - The first popular cellular automata basedartificial life "game". Life was invented by Britishmathematician John Horton Conway in 1970 and was firstintroduced publicly in "Scientific American" later that year.|
Conway first devised what he called "The Game of Life" and"ran" it using plates placed on floor tiles in his house.Because of he ran out of floor space and kept stepping on theplates, he later moved to doing it on paper or on acheckerboard, and then moved to running Life as a computerprogram on a PDP-7. That first implementation of Life as acomputer program was written by M. J. T. Guy andS. R. Bourne (the author of Unix's Bourne shell).
Life uses a rectangular grid of binary (live or dead) cellseach of which is updated at each step according to theprevious state of its eight neighbours as follows: a live cellwith less than two, or more than three, live neighbours dies.A dead cell with exactly three neighbours becomes alive.Other cells do not change.
While the rules are fairly simple, the patterns that can ariseare of a complexity resembling that of organic systems -- hencethe name "Life".
Many hackers pass through a stage of fascination with Life,and hackers at various places contributed heavily to themathematical analysis of this game (most notably Bill Gosperat MIT, who even implemented Life in TECO!; seeGosperism). When a hacker mentions "life", he is morelikely to mean this game than the magazine, the breakfastcereal, the 1950s-era board game or the human state ofexistence.
["Scientific American" 223, October 1970, p120-123, 224;February 1971 p121-117, Martin Gardner].
["The Garden in The Machine: the Emerging Science ofArtificial Life", Claus Emmeche, 1994].
["Winning Ways, For Your Mathematical Plays", ElwynR. Berlekamp, John Horton Conway and Richard K. Guy, 1982].
["The Recursive Universe: Cosmic Complexity and the Limits ofScientific Knowledge", William Poundstone, 1985].
|3.||(jargon)||life - The opposite of Usenet. As in "Get a life!"|
LIFE. The aggregate of the animal functions which resist death. Bichat.
2. The state of animated beings, while they possess the power of feeling and motion. It commences in contemplation of law generally as soon as the infant is able to stir in the mother's womb; 1 Bl. Com. 129; 3 Inst. 50; Wood's Inst. 11; and ceases at death. Lawyers and legislators are not, however, the best physiologists, and it may be justly suspected that in fact life commences before the mother can perceive any motion of the foetus. 1 Beck's Med. Jur. 291.
3. For many purposes, however, life is considered as begun from the moment of conception in ventre sa mere. Vide Foetus. But in order to acquire and transfer civil rights the child must be born alive. Whether a child is born alive, is to be ascertained from certain signs which are always attendant upon life. The fact of the child's crying is the most certain. There may be a certain motion in a new born infant which may last even for hours, and yet there may not be complete life. It seems that in order to commence life the child must be born with the ability to breathe, and must actually have breathed. 1 Briand, Med. Leg. 1ere partie, c. 6, art. 1.
4. Life is presumed to continue at least till one hundred years. 9 Mart. Lo. R. 257 See Death; Survivorship.
5. Life is considered by the law of the utmost importance, and its most anxious care is to protect it. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 202-3.
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