of·fend [offend offends offended offending] BrE [əˈfend]
NAmE [əˈfend]
1. transitive, often passive, intransitive ~ (sb) to make sb feel upset because of sth you say or do that is rude or embarrassing
They'll be offended if you don't go to their wedding.
Neil did not mean to offend anybody with his joke.
She managed to offend her boyfriend's parents as soon as she opened her mouth.
A TV interviewer must be careful not to offend.
2. transitive ~ sb/sth to seem unpleasant to sb
The smell from the farm offended some people.
an ugly building that offends the eye
3. intransitive (formal) to commit a crime or crimes
He started offending at the age of 16.
What is the best way to stop someone who has offended from repeating the offence?
4. intransitive ~ (against sb/sth) (formal) to be against what people believe is morally right
comments that offend against people's religious beliefs
Derived Word: offended
Verb forms:
Word Origin:
late Middle English: from Old French offendre, from Latin offendere ‘strike against’.
offend verb T, often passive, I
Many people were deeply offended by his jokes.
insult • • shock
feel offended/insulted/shocked
deeply offended/insulted/shocked
Offend or insult? To insult sb is to do or say sth rude to them, usually deliberately. To offend sb is to upset them, either because you have insulted them, or because you have been rude or thoughtless about sb/sth that is important to them.
Example Bank:
He was very sensitive and easily offended.
Omit anything that is likely to offend people.
She sounded offended when she replied.
She stopped mid-sentence, anxious not to offend him.
Viewers complained that the broadcast offended against good taste.
Neil did not mean to offend anybody with his joke.
Some people found his jokes funny but others were deeply offended.
They'll be offended if you don't go to their wedding.

WordNet Dictionary:
1. cause to feel resentment or indignation
- Her tactless remark offended me
Syn: pique
2. hurt the feelings of
- She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests
- This remark really bruised my ego
Syn: hurt, wound, injure, bruise, spite
4. strike with disgust or revulsion
- The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends
Syn: shock, scandalize, scandalise, appal, appall, outrage
- The bad news will offend him
- The performance is likely to offend Sue

Webster's 1913 Dictionary:
v. t.1.To strike against; to attack; to assail.
[imp. & p. p. Offended; p. pr. & vb. n. Offending.]
2.To displease; to make angry; to affront.
A brother offended is harder to be won than a strong city.
3.To be offensive to; to harm; to pain; to annoy; as, strong light offends the eye; to offend the conscience.
4.To transgress; to violate; to sin against.
Marry, sir, he hath offended the law.
5.(Script.) To oppose or obstruct in duty; to cause to stumble; to cause to sin or to fall.
Who hath you misboden or offended.
If thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out . . . And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off.
Great peace have they which love thy law, and nothing shall offend them.
v. i.1.To transgress the moral or divine law; to commit a crime; to stumble; to sin.
Whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
If it be a sin to covet honor,
I am the most offending soul alive.
2.To cause dislike, anger, or vexation; to displease.
I shall offend, either to detain or give it.
To offend against
to do an injury or wrong to; to commit an offense against.

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