prone BrE [prəʊn] NAmE [proʊn] adjective
1. likely to suffer from sth or to do sth bad
• ~ to sth prone to injury
• Working without a break makes you more prone to error.
• ~ to do sth Tired drivers were found to be particularly prone to ignore warning signs.
2. -prone (in adjectives) likely to suffer or do the thing mentioned
see also accident-prone
3. (formal) lying flat with the front of your body touching the ground
• The victim lay prone without moving.
• He was found lying in a prone position.
Derived Word: proneness
late Middle English: from Latin pronus ‘leaning forward’, from pro ‘forwards’.
prone [prone proneness] adj. not before noun
• Tired drivers are prone to accidents.
inclined • • liable • • likely • • susceptible • |formal subject to sth •
be prone/inclined/liable/susceptible/subject to sth
be prone/inclined/liable/likely to do sth
• Sun removes the oil and wax, leaving the leather prone to cracking.
• The M40 through Oxfordshire is notoriously prone to fog.
• people who are genetically prone to putting on weight
Webster's 1913 Dictionary:
|1.||Bending forward; inclined; not erect.|
Towards him they bend
With awful reverence prone.
|2.||Prostrate; flat; esp., lying with the face down; - opposed to supine.|
Which, as the wind,
Blew where it listed, laying all things prone.
|3.||Headlong; running downward or headlong.|
|4.||Sloping, with reference to a line or surface; declivous; inclined; not level.|
Since the floods demand,
For their descent, a prone and sinking land.
|5.||Inclined; propense; disposed; - applied to the mind or affections, usually in an ill sense. Followed by to.|
Poets are nearly all prone to melancholy.
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