Property

prop·erty [property properties] BrE [ˈprɒpəti]
NAmE [ˈprɑːpərti]
noun (pl. prop·erties)
1. uncountable a thing or things that are owned by sb; a possession or possessions
This building is government property.
Be careful not to damage other people's property.
see also intellectual property, lost property, public property
2. uncountable land and buildings
The price of property has risen enormously.
property prices
a property developer
3. countable a building or buildings and the surrounding land
There are a lot of empty properties in the area.
4. countable, usually plural (formal) a quality or characteristic that sth has
Compare the physical properties of the two substances.
a plant with medicinal properties
Word Origin:
Middle English: from an Anglo-Norman French variant of Old French propriete, from Latin proprietas, from proprius ‘one's own, particular’.
Thesaurus:
property noun U
The equipment is government property.
possession • • belongings • • valuables|informal stuff|especially BrE, informal things|especially written law goods|business asset • • holding
personal property/possessions/belongings/stuff/things/assets/holdings
private property/possessions/belongings/goods/assets/holdings
acquire property/possessions/belongings/goods/stuff/things/assets/your holdings
sell your property/possessions/belongings/valuables/goods/stuff/things/assets/holdings
Collocations:
Moving house
Renting
live in a rented/(especially NAmE) rental property
rent/share/move into a furnished house/(BrE) flat/(especially NAmE) apartment
rent a studio/(BrE) a studio flat/(especially NAmE) a studio apartment/(BrE) a bedsit
find/get a housemate/(BrE) a flatmate/(NAmE) a roommate
sign/break the lease/rental agreement/contract
extend/renew/terminate the lease/(BrE) tenancy
afford/pay the rent/the bills/(NAmE) the utilities
(especially BrE) fall behind with/ (especially NAmE) fall behind on the rent
pay/lose/return a damage deposit/(NAmE) security deposit
give/receive a month's/two-weeks' notice to leave/vacate the property
Being a landlord
have a flat/apartment/room (BrE) to let/(especially NAmE) for rent
rent (out)/lease (out)/ (BrE) let (out)/sublet a flat/apartment/house/property
collect/increase/raise the rent
evict the existing tenants
attract/find new/prospective tenants
invest in rental property/(BrE) property to let/(BrE) the buy-to-let market
Buying
buy/acquire/purchase a house/(a) property/(especially NAmE) (a piece of) prime real estate
call/contact/use (BrE) an estate agent/(NAmE) a Realtor™/(NAmE) a real estate agent/broker
make/ (BrE) put in an offer on a house
put down/save for (BrE) a deposit on a house
make/put/save for (especially NAmE) a down payment on a house/home
apply for/arrange/take out a mortgage/home loan
(struggle to) pay the mortgage
make/meet/keep up/cover the monthly mortgage payments/(BrE also) repayments
(BrE) repossess/ (especially NAmE) foreclose on sb's home/house
Selling
put your house/property on the market/up for sale/up for auction
increase/lower your price/the asking price
have/hold/hand over the deed/(especially BrE) deeds of/to the house, land, etc.
Synonyms:
building
property premises complex structure block
These are all words for a structure such as a house, office block or factory that has a roof and four walls
building • a structure such as a house, office block or factory that has a roof and four walls
property • a building or buildings and the surrounding land; land and buildings: We have a buyer who would like to view the property. The price of property has risen enormously.
This word is often used when talking about buying/selling houses or other buildings and land.
premises • [pl.] the building or buildings and surrounding land that a business owns or uses: The company is looking for larger premises.
complex • a group of buildings of a similar type together in one place: a leisure complex
structure • a thing that is made of several parts, especially a building: The pier is a wooden structure.
block • (BrE) a tall building that contains flats or offices; a building that forms part of a school, hospital, etc. and is used for a particular purpose: a block of flats the school's science block
a(n) commercial/industrial/residential building/property/premises/complex/block
an apartment building/complex/block
a/the school building/premises
to build a(n) property/complex/structure/block
to put up a building/property/structure/block
to demolish/pull down a(n) building/property/complex/structure/block
Synonyms:
things
stuff property possessions junk belongings goods valuables
These are all words for objects or items, especially ones that you own or have with you at a particular time.
things • (rather informal) objects, clothing or tools that you own or that are used for a particular purpose: Shall I help you pack your things? Bring your swimming things.
stuff • [U] (informal) used to refer to a group of objects when you do not know their names, when the names are not important or when it is obvious what you are talking about: Where's all my stuff?
property • [U] (rather formal) a thing or things that are owned by sb: This building is government property. Be careful not to damage other people's property.
possessions • things that you own, especially sth that can be moved: Prisoners were allowed no personal possessions except letters and photographs.
junk • [U] things that are considered useless or of little value: I've cleared out all that old junk from the attic.
belongings • possessions that can be moved, especially ones that you have with you at a particular time: Please make sure you have all your belongings with you when leaving the plane.
goods • (technical or rather formal) possessions that can be moved: He was found guilty of handling stolen goods .
valuables • things that are worth a lot of money, especially small personal things such as jewellery or cameras: Never leave cash or other valuables lying around.
personal things/stuff/property/possessions/belongings
to collect/gather/pack (up) your things/stuff/possessions/belongings
to search sb's/your/the things/stuff/property/belongings
to go through sb's/your/the things/stuff/belongings
Example Bank:
Charisma isn't the exclusive property of movie stars.
Companies should protect their intellectual property with patents and trademarks.
How does it feel to be a woman of property?
I called the lost-property office to see if someone had found my bag.
Once the tenants have left, the property will be put on the market.
Students are not allowed on school property outside of school hours.
The company was found to have infringed intellectual property rights.
The market was known as a place where people disposed of stolen property.
The medicinal properties of the leaves of this tree have been known for centuries.
The property was valued at $750 000.
The substance has properties similar to plastic.
They are living in rented property.
They decided to rent out the property while they were abroad.
We have a potential buyer who wants to view the property.
Be careful not to damage other people's property.
Compare the physical and chemical properties of the two substances.
I rang the lost property office at the station to see if my bag had been handed in.
The difference occurs because of local variation in soil properties.
The plant is thought to have medicinal properties.
The youths were convicted of defacing public property.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary:
n.1.
1.That which is proper to anything; a peculiar quality of a thing; that which is inherent in a subject, or naturally essential to it; an attribute; as, sweetness is a property of sugar.
Property is correctly a synonym for peculiar quality; but it is frequently used as coextensive with quality in general.
2.An acquired or artificial quality; that which is given by art, or bestowed by man; as, the poem has the properties which constitute excellence.
3.The exclusive right of possessing, enjoying, and disposing of a thing; ownership; title.
Here I disclaim all my paternal care,
Propinquity and property of blood.
Shall man assume a property in man?
4.That to which a person has a legal title, whether in his possession or not; thing owned; an estate, whether in lands, goods, or money; as, a man of large property, or small property.
5.All the adjuncts of a play except the scenery and the dresses of the actors; stage requisites.
I will draw a bill of properties.
6.Propriety; correctness.
Literary property
(Law) See under Literary.
Property man
one who has charge of the "properties" of a theater.
v. t.1.To invest which properties, or qualities.
2.To make a property of; to appropriate.
They have here propertied me.

Legal Dictionary:

PROPERTY. The right and interest which a man has in lands and chattels to the exclusion of others. 6 Binn. 98; 4 Pet. 511; 17 Johns. 283; 14 East, 370; 11 East, 290, 518. It is the right to enjoy and to dispose of certain things in the most absolute manner as he pleases, provided he makes no use of them prohibited by law. See Things.
     2. All things are not the subject of property the sea, the air, and the like, cannot be appropriated; every one may enjoy them, but he has no exclusive right in them. When things are fully our own, or when all others are excluded from meddling with them, or from interfering about them, it is plain that no person besides the proprietor, who has this exclusive right, can have any, claim either to use them, or to hinder him from disposing of them as, he pleases; so that property, considered as an exclusive right to things, contains not only a right to use those things, but a right to dispose of them, either by exchanging them for other things, or by giving them away to any other person, without any consideration, or even throwing them away. Rutherf. Inst. 20; Domat, liv. prel. tit. 3; Poth. Des Choses; 18 Vin. Ab. 63; 7 Com. Dig. 175; Com. Dig. Biens. See also 2 B. & C. 281; S. C. 9 E. C. L. R. 87; 3 D. & R. 394; 9 B. & C. 396; S. C. 17 E. C. L. R. 404; 1 C. & M. 39; 4 Call, 472; 18 Ves. 193; 6 Bing. 630.
     3. Property is divided into real property, (q.v.) and personal property. (q.v.) Vide Estate; Things.
     4. Property is also divided, when it consists of goods and chattels, into absolute and qualified. Absolute property is that which is our own, without any qualification whatever; as when a man is the owner of a watch, a book, or other inanimate thing: or of a horse, a sheep, or other animal, which never had its natural liberty in a wild state.
     5. Qualified property consists in the right which men have over wild animals which they have reduced to their own possession, and which are kept subject to their power; as a deer, a buffalo, and the like, which are his own while he has possession of them, but as soon as his possession is lost, his property is gone, unless the animals, go animo revertendi. 2 Bl. Com. 396; 3 Binn. 546.
     6. But property in personal goods may be absolute or qualified without ally relation to the nature of the subject-matter, but simply because more persons than one have an interest in it, or because the right of property is separated from the possession. A bailee of goods, though not the owner, has a qualified property in them; while the owner has the absolute property. Vide, Bailee; Bailment.
     7. Personal property is further divided into property in possession, and property or choses in action. (q.v.)
     8. Property is again divided into corporeal and incorporeal. The former comprehends such property as is perceptible to the senses, as lands, houses, goods, merchandise and the like; the latter consists in legal rights, as choses in action, easements, and the like.
     9. Property is lost, in general, in three ways, by the act of man, by the act of law, and by the act of God.
    10.-1. It is lost by the act of man by, 1st. Alienation; but in order to do this, the owner must have a legal capacity to make a contract. 2d. By the voluntary abandonment of the thing; but unless the abandonment be purely voluntary, the title to the property is not lost; as, if things be thrown into the sea to save the ship, the right is not lost. Poth. h.t., n. 270; 3 Toull. ii. 346. But even a voluntary abandonment does not deprive the former owner from taking possession of the thing abandoned, at any time before another takes possession of it.
    11.-2. The title to property is lost by operation of law. 1st. By the forced sale, under a lawful process, of the property of a debtor to satisfy a judgment, sentence, or decree rendered against him, to compel him to fulfill his obligations. 2d. By confiscation, or sentence of a criminal court. 3d. By prescription. 4th. By civil death. 6th. By capture of a public enemy.
    12.-3. The title to property is lost by the act of God, as in the case of the death of slaves or animals, or in the total destruction of a thing; for example, if a house be swallowed up by an opening in the earth during an earthquake.
    13. It is proper to observe that in some cases, the moment that the owner loses his possession, he also loses his property or right in the thing: animals ferae naturae, as mentioned above, belong to the owner only while he retains the possession of them. But, in general,' the loss of possession does not impair the right of property, for the owner may recover it within a certain time allowed by law. Vide, generally, Bouv. Inst. Index, b. t.


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