which BrE [wɪtʃ]
NAmE [wɪtʃ]
pronoun, determiner
1. used in questions to ask sb to be exact about one or more people or things from a limited number
. Which is better exercise— swimming or tennis?
. Which of the applicants has got the job?
. Which of the patients have recovered?
. Which way is the wind blowing?
compare what
2. used to be exact about the thing or things that you mean
. Houses which overlook the lake cost more.
. It was a crisis for which she was totally unprepared.  That can be used instead of which in this meaning, but it is not used immediately after a preposition
. It was a crisis that she was totally unprepared for.
3. used to give more information about sth
. His best movie, which won several awards, was about the life of Gandhi.
. Your claim ought to succeed, in which case the damages will be substantial.  That cannot be used instead of which in this meaning.
Idiom: which is which
Word Origin:
[which] Old English hwilc, from the Germanic bases of who and alike.

Webster's 1913 Dictionary:
1.Of what sort or kind; what; what a; who.
And which they weren and of what degree.
2.A interrogative pronoun, used both substantively and adjectively, and in direct and indirect questions, to ask for, or refer to, an individual person or thing among several of a class; as, which man is it? which woman was it? which is the house? he asked which route he should take; which is best, to live or to die? See the Note under What, pron., 1.
Which of you convinceth me of sin?
3.A relative pronoun, used esp. in referring to an antecedent noun or clause, but sometimes with reference to what is specified or implied in a sentence, or to a following noun or clause (generally involving a reference, however, to something which has preceded). It is used in all numbers and genders, and was formerly used of persons.
And when thou fail'st - as God forbid the hour! -
Must Edward fall, which peril heaven forfend!
God . . . rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.
Our Father, which art in heaven.
The temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.
4.A compound relative or indefinite pronoun, standing for any one which, whichever, that which, those which, the . . . which, and the like; as, take which you will.
Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called?

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