United States Constitution

United States Constitution – Hiến pháp Hoa Kỳ: Bài đọc hiểu

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Cùng rèn luyện kỹ năng đọc hiểu với đề tài United States Constitution – Hiến Pháp Hoa Kỳ dưới đây để cùng học với bé môn Social Studies nhé.

Bài đọc hiểu United States Constitution

Thông qua bài đọc hiểu dưới đây, trẻ sẽ củng cố lại kiến thức của mình về chủ đề United States Constitution, cũng như là ghi nhớ và học tập thêm từ vựng, kiến thức mới.

Hướng dẫn: Đọc đoạn văn và trả lời các câu hỏi dưới đây.

SEARCH AND SEIZURE

 

History and Scope of the Amendment

History.–Few provisions of the Bill of Rights grew so directly out of the experience of the colonials as the Fourth Amendment, embodying as it did the protection against the utilization of the “writs of assistance.” But while the insistence on freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures as a fundamental right gained expression in the Colonies late and as a result of experience,\1\ there was also a rich English experience to draw on. “Every man’s house is his castle” was a maxim much celebrated in England, as was demonstrated in Semayne’s Case, decided in 1603.\2\ A civil case of execution of process, Semayne’s Case nonetheless recognized the right of the homeowner to defend his house against unlawful entry even by the King’s agents, but at the same time recognized the authority of the appropriate officers to break and enter upon notice in order to arrest or to execute the King’s process. Most famous of the English cases was Entick v. Carrington,\3\ one of a series of civil actions against state officers who, pursuant to general warrants, had raided many homes and other places in search of materials.

1. In your own words, what do words “writs of assistance’ mean?_____________________________

 

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2. Why do feel it so important to colonists to have search and seizure amendments added to the constitution?_____________________________

 

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3. Referring to the passage, who do you think Nathan Semayne was? 

 

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4. Why should anyone have the right to search your home? Explain your answer.

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