Occupations – Nghề nghiệp

Nội dung

Occupations – Nghề nghiệp là vai trò của một người trong xã hội. Cụ thể hơn, Occupation – Nghề nghiệp là một công việc nào thường được thực hiện để đổi lấy tiền công. Một người có thể có nhiều công việc (ví dụ: phụ huynh, nội trợ và nhân viên). 

Trong xã hội ngày nay, có vô số nghề nghiệp khác nhau cùng tồn tại. Nghề nghiệp không phân biệt giới tính, lứa tuổi… Hãy cùng trẻ học một số từ vựng tiếng Anh theo chủ đề về Occupations – Nghề nghiệp cơ bản và được nhắc đến nhiều trong tiếng Anh.

Từ vựng chủ đề Occupations – Nghề nghiệp

cook (n): đầu bếp

Somebody who prepares food

→ But I’ m not a cook.


doctor (n): bác sĩ

Somebody who helps sick people

→ Where’s the Doctor?


driver (n): tài xế

Somebody who drives a vehicle

→ The driver camps out, then leaves immediately afterwards.


farmer (n): nông dân

Somebody who grows food

→ It is home to both a local farmer’s market and artisans with over 260 stands, as well as over 500 businesses.


fireman (n): lính cứu hỏa

Somebody who fights fires

→ They’re injecting the fireman with something.


mechanic (n): thợ máy, thợ cơ khí

Somebody who fixes cars

→ I applied for a job as a mechanic in a local garage, but I was rejected.


nurse (n): y tá

Somebody who helps doctors

→ We need a lot of nurses in here.


policeman (n): cảnh sát

Somebody who catches thieves

→ This friend of yours, he’s a policeman?


postman (n): người đưa thư

Somebody who delivers mail

→ How is the postman doing?


secretary (n): thư ký

Somebody who answers the phone

→ My secretary will phone you to arrange a meeting.


seller (n): người buôn bán

Somebody who sells goods

→ The trading standards department can also take action to stop the trader posing as a private seller.


teacher (n): giáo viên

Somebody who gives students homework

→ Those responsible include parents, care givers or teachers and others.


Từ vựng tiếng Anh theo chủ đề Occupations mở rộng

ambassador: đại sứ

A diplomat of the highest rank

→ Chile and Peru said they were recalling their ambassadors to Israel.

architect: kiến trúc sư

Someone who creates plans to be used in making something

→ In the 20th century, architect Frits Peutz played a major role in shaping the city as we know it today.

astronaut: phi hành gia

A person trained to travel in a spacecraft

→ All I ever want to be was an astronaut.

designer; nhà thiết kế

Someone who creates plans to be used in making something

→ And that’s why designers, more and more, are working on behaviors rather than on objects.

geologist: nhà địa chất

A specialist in the history of the Earth recorded in rocks

→ Now, were it quite that easy, geologists would rejoice.

instructor: huấn luyện viên

A person whose occupation is teaching

→ They became the instructors and guides of their children.


physician: bác sĩ, thầy thuốc

A licensed medical practitioner

→ He is the great physician.

pilot: phi công

Someone who is licensed to operate an aircraft in flight

→ As the plane was approaching turbulence, the pilot asked the passengers aboard the plane to fasten their seat belts.

professor: giáo sư

A member of the faculty at a college or university

→ So what happened when the professor left the room?

soldier: lính, bộ đội

An enlisted man or woman who serves in an army

→ The number of soldiers posted in Alice Springs peaked at around 8,000 and the number of personnel passing through totalled close to 200,000.

surgeon: bác sĩ phẫu thuật

A physician who specializes in surgery

→ I just hope the doctor’s a good surgeon.

veterinarian: bác sĩ thú y

A doctor who provides health care to animals

→ The store owner explained that the veterinarian had examined the little puppy and had discovered it did n’t have a hip socket.

Các mẫu câu sử dụng từ vựng tiếng Anh theo chủ đề Occupations 

Câu hỏi:

  • What do you do for a living?
  • What do you do to make a living?
  • What company do you work for?
  • What’s your job?
  • What’s your occupation?
  • What do you do?

Câu trả lời:

  • I am a doctor/teacher/hairdresser…
  • I’m in sales/online digital marketing/public education…
  • I work for a private school/an oil company…
  • I teach for a living…

Đoạn hội thoại mẫu:

A: What is your occupation?
B: I’m a doctor. Actually, I’m a pediatrician (bác sĩ khoa nhi).
A: Oh. That’s great. Do you run a clinic or something?
B: Yes, I run a nursing home in the city.
A: Great. So you must be very busy.
B: Yes, we doctors hardly get any time for ourselves.
A: But you guys save lives. Isn’t it a noble thing?
B: Yeah, that’s what keeps us motivated.

Quiz/ Bài tập